Gustav von Wangenheim

Gustav von Wangenheim (February 18, 1895 – August 5, 1975) was a German actor, screenwriter and director. Wangenheim was born Ingo Clemens Gustav Adolf Freiherr von Wangenheim in Wiesbaden, Hesse, to parents Eduard Clemens Freiherr von Wangenheim and Minna Mengers. Both of his parents were actors; his father, who used the stage name Eduard von Winterstein, appeared in over 200 films between 1910 and 1960. Wangenheim made his screen debut in 1914 in Passionels Tagebuch and went on to star in many silent features. Among his works were Fritz Lang's early science fiction film Frau im Mond, where he portrayed Windegger, and Karl Heinz Martin's Das Haus zum Mond. In 1921, Wangenheim was cast in what would prove to be his most enduring role, that of Thomas Hutter (Jonathan Harker) in F. W. Murnau's Nosferatu. A member of the Communist Party of Germany since 1921, Wangenheim founded the Communist theatre company Die Truppe '31 in 1931. Die Truppe '31 produced three plays, authored and directed by Wangenheim, before it was shut down by order of the Nazi regime in 1933. Wangenheim fled Nazi Germany in the 1930s and found refuge in the Soviet Union.


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